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The history of Spanish Town is rich and full of culture, once the largest city in Jamaica as well as its capital, Spanish Town was the hub of all trade and commerce...


St. Jago de la Vega or Spanish Town once the capital city of Jamaica in the parish of St. Catherine has the finest collection of historical buildings, and the country's archives.  Built on the West Bank of the Rio Cobre the town lies thirteen miles from Kingston on the main road.  As a site of historical importance, its history was shaped by its experiences within two significant colonial periods.  These periods are the Spanish from 1534 -1655 and the English from 1655 -1782.

 

In 1534 under the direction of the King of Spain this area was declared the capital of Jamaica and named "The Villa de la Vega" (The Town on the Plain).

 

From its foundation Spanish Town became the center of Jamaican life and history.  A lively commercial route was organized under Spanish administration, between Jamaica, Spain and other Spanish territories.  In addition to the commercial activities that went on in Spanish Town, a formal political structure was established under Spanish government.

 

Despite these general advancements of the capital, there were systematic attacks on Jamaica and other Spanish territories by European nations to loosen Spain stronghold in the Caribbean. After conquering the Spaniards in 1655, the British renamed Villa de la Vega, Spanish Town

 

To date Spanish Town is considered as a town of significant historical value in this hemisphere. It boasts the oldest iron bridge of its kind in the Western Hemisphere, which was erected in 1801 at a cost of four thousand pounds.  It also had one of the first Spanish Cathedrals to be established in the new world.  This was built around 1525.  Most religious denominations have churches or meeting halls in the town.  Besides the Apostolic Church of God, 7th Day Temple of Praise, there is an Anglican Cathedral, a Roman Catholic Church; there are Wesleyan, Baptists and Seventh-Day Adventist chapels, as well as a Moslem Mosque, the only one of its kind in the island.

 

In the town, standing untouched in character is an historic alms-house and a public hospital and a maximum penal institution built in the eighteenth century.  There is in the town itself a factory where dyes are made from logwood and a salt processing plant. In close proximity are five large sugar estates, a milk condensary and a large textile mill – all which are significant contributors to the changing social and economic patterns of the Old Capital.

 

 

 

 

Interesting Facts About Jamaica

The truth is, there are some really AMAZING things about this our little country that admittedly, are down right astonishing... You maybe surprised to learn about these facts. Click on the picture below for more info....